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Course module: 201400116
201400116
Human Product Relations
Course info
Course module201400116
Credits (ECTS)15
Course typeModule
Language of instructionEnglish
Contact persondr. J.A. Garde
E-mailj.a.garde@utwente.nl
Lecturer(s)
PreviousNext 5
Lecturer
dr.ir. D. van de Belt
Lecturer
dr.ir. W. Eggink
Lecturer
Externe Docent
Lecturer
dr. J.A. Garde
Contactperson for the course
dr. J.A. Garde
Academic year2016
Starting block
1A
Application procedureYou apply via OSIRIS Student
Registration using OSIRISYes
Learning goals
The aim of the module is to acquire insight into the interaction between humans and products by viewing it through the lenses of use, philosophy, and “Formgebung” (as design styling). Particular attention is paid to methods of qualitative, explorative research and to a reflection of the power and role of the designer in designing such interaction.
Central part of the module is the Human Product Relations design project with the assignment to design street furniture for a specific location. The assignment reads:
“Design a piece of street furniture in which human product relations play a pivotal role. Explore the human product relations from different perspectives. Pay attention to use, behaviour and styling. It is not necessary to apply all perspectives that are presented in the lectures, you can choose te ones that are relevant to your project. Develop, based on the lectures, an own vision on the human product relation you want to realize with your design. Part of this vision should be a definition of the target group and specific location for the placement of your design.
You present your design by a verbal presentation, a scale model, and a concept board. You cannot use PowerPoint sheets. Additionally, you write an essay (of about 1000 words) that reflects on the design based on the theory about ethics of influencing behaviour and media theory.”
The module component of Physical Ergonomics expands on the physical use aspects of products. Integration with the design assignment is realized in case studies of the physical ergonomics of existing street furniture.
An additional aim of this module is the deepening of technical knowledge and competence of the students in the IDE relevant disciplines. The courses "Manufacturing 3" and "Energy and Heat Transfer" support this aim. Production 3 is furthermore a preparation for module 6.


Energy and Heat Transfer:
  1. describe definitions and basic concepts in the area of heat and energy
  2. explain the physical principles that play a role in energy and heat management in products
  3. recognise forms of energy(conversion) and heat transfer in a product
  4. make calculations/estimations of energy and heat management in products
  5. critically assess and compare data and resultsThe aim of the module is to acquire  insight into the interaction between humans and products by viewing it through the lenses of use, philosophy, and “Formgebung” (as design styling). Particular attention is paid to methods of qualitative, explorative research and to a reflection of the power and role of the designer in designing such interaction.
Physical Ergonomics
  1. name and explain the anatomy and function of the human musculoskeletal system and its (im)possible range of motion
  2. name and apply the terminology of human anatomy and movement
  3. determine which physical structers are involved and/or subjected to a load during a specific manoeuvre, using a posture or movement analysis.
  4. calculate the maximum acceptable force necessary for a certain type of load exercise, using laws of physics
  5. estimate the maximum acceptable force necessary for a certain type of load exercise, using a workplace assessment method
  6. apply and use the results of the assesments and estimates as mentioned above, in the (re-)design process
Manufacturing 3:  
  1. deduce and formulate design rules for injection moulded products
  2. effectively go through a development cycle for injection moulding products, while underpinning the relevant decisions
  3. select and employ software to simulate injection moulding processes
  4. develop injection moulding dies for relatively simple injection moulding products.
  5. make a process plan for an injection moulding die for a relatively simple product.
  6. interrelate product geometry, material and production process(es) in relation to a.o. production quantity, batch size, tolerances, accuracy, quality and cost
Project Human Product Relations:    
  1. understand theories of different perspectives on the interactions of humans and products.
  2. design products with a specific influence on the interactions of humans and products.
  3. reflect on the own role as a designer of human product relations.
  4. write a reflective essay.
  5. understand how to gain insight into real life situations by means of qualitative, explorative research, and is able to develop an applied approach of qualitative, explorative research.
Content

Energy and Heat Transfer:

INTRODUCTION
When designing products, use and transfer of energy (heat) have to be taken into account. In this course, the basic principles of energy and heat transfer and several design principles will be discussed. Products from daily practice of industrial designers will be used as a starting point.

CONTENT
In the first part of the couse during the lectures, several concept are introduced, a.o.: energy(forms), work, power, efficiency and heat transfer through conduction, convection and radiation, as well as its corresponding units.
Like stated in the learning objectives, these concepts are practiced at different levels: knowing, understanding, recognizing in products, estimating, calculating and critically assessing. To realise this, assignments are given during the tutorials. Part of these assignments have to be handed in. Only when these assignments are sufficient, a student can participate in the final exam of the course.  In the second part  students work on a group assignment. A given product will be analysed using the basic subject matters from the first part on energy and heat management. An oral exam will be done to assess this part.

RELATION TO OTHER COURSES
This course is a preparation to design courses in which technical aspects play a role, like project 'Mechatronica Design and Systems (Module 11)'. It provides basic knowledge used in the entire bachelor programme and the bachelor theses assignment.

Physical Ergonomics:
Physical ergonomics is concerned with human anatomy, and some of the anthropometric, physiological and (bio-)mechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Physical ergonomic principles have been widely used in the design of both consumer and industrial products. In this course the students are introduced to these principles. In order to understand these, the course is split into two sections. The first section consists of three lectures regarding the human anatomy and physical functioning. This section is concluded with an written exam. The second section consists of one and a halve lecture in which previously acquired knowledge regarding statics and dynamics will be applied to human functioning. In the final one and a halve lecture a workplace assessment method will be introduced. This method is based on specific measuring techniques which, in combination with existing ergonomic guidelines, assesses a work situation to what extent the worker’s health is threatened. Although this method is primarily aimed to working conditions, it can also certainly be used to improve the ergonomic aspects of a consumer product, by including the outcome of an assessment in the (re-)design process.

Manufacturing 3:
In the wide range of technical materials available, plastics play an important role for the Industrial Design Engineer. This is not only caused by the fact that products produced from plastics usually have large production volumes, but also by the fact that designing in plastics can require quite specific attention for design freedom, material characteristics and producibility.
This course focuses on these design requirements for products made of plastics. This is done by providing background knowledge on the design, simulation and production of such products. More important however, is the practical orientation in this course: by designing a simple plastic product from initial sketches to its final production on an injection moulding machine, the students encounter many of the challenges found in the manufacturing of injection moulded products. The course attempts to address the full development cycle, from idea, via 3D modelling, simulation of injection moulding processes, die design, process planning for the die, milling of the die to the actual injection moulding and reflection on the initial ideas. The course has a specific focus on the formulation of design rules for injection moulding, i.e. the students are assumed not to study and apply existing design rules; they rather are challenged to deduce the design rules that have been relevant for their development cycle.

Project Human Product Relations:
The aim of the module is to acquire  insight into the interaction between humans and products by viewing it through the lenses of use, philosophy, and “Formgebung” (as design styling). Particular attention is paid to methods of qualitative, explorative research and to a reflection of the power and role of the designer in designing such interaction.
Central part of the module is the Human Product Relations design project with the assignment to design street furniture for a specific location. The assignment reads:
“Design a piece of street furniture in which human product relations play a pivotal role. Explore the human product relations from different perspectives. Pay attention to use, behaviour and styling. It is not necessary to apply all perspectives that are presented in the lectures, you can choose te ones that are relevant to your project. Develop, based on the lectures, an own vision on the human product relation you want to realize with your design. Part of this vision should be a definition of the target group and specific location for the placement of your design.
You present your design by a verbal presentation, a scale model, and a concept board. You cannot use PowerPoint sheets. Additionally, you write an essay (of about 1000 words) that reflects on the design based on the theory about ethics of influencing behaviour and media theory.”
 
Assumed previous knowledge
-
PARTICIPATING STUDY
B-IO
Required materials
Course material
Energy and Heat Transfer: PowerPoint slides
Reader
Physical Ergonomics: Digital Reader Physical Ergonomics + Lecture sheets
Book
Manufacturing 3: Kalpakjian, S.; Schmid, S.R.; Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, SI Edition (7th Edition), 978-9810694067
Course material
Project Human Product Relations: required material will be provided by sheets and papers.
Recommended materials
Course material
Energy and Heat Transfer: See information on Blackboard
Instructional modes
Assignment

Design

Excellence

Final Project

Lecture

Other

Practical

Project

Self study with assistance

Self study without assistance

Tutorial

Tests
Energy and Heat Transfer

Remark
Group assignment & oral (group) examination

Production 3

Remark
Assignment

Physical Ergonomics

Remark
Written exam with open questions & assigment

Project Human Product Relations

Remark
Presentation, assignment (essay)

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