

Description 
Level* 
1

identify and define a system and its surroundings. Express a state of a system using state variables such as pressure, temperature, volume, entropy, and internal energy. 
3 
2

state the first law of thermodynamics and calculate heat and work transfer in a process. Relate heat capacity of a material to energy transfer. Distinguish reversible and irreversible processes. Calculate entropy change of the system, surroundings in a process. 
3/4 
3

apply the concept of a thermodynamic cycle, which connects several processes. In particular, to heat engines and refrigerators. Derive thermodynamic efficiency of these cycles. 
4/5 
4 
apply the steadyflow energy equation to an open system or a control volume and calculate heat and work transfer in a process. Calculate entropy change of the control volume, surroundings in a process. 
3 
5 
classify the energy potentials (internal energy, enthalpy, Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy) as a function of their respective macroscopic variables, and calculate changes of these energy potentials and examine the consequences on a system when these state variables are varied. 
3/4 
6 
apply the van der Waals law for real gases and the ClausiusClapeyron relation to determine the relationship between saturation pressure and temperature in a liquidvapor phase transition. Show processes in a property diagram. 
4 

* Level according to Bloom: 1. = knowledge; 2 = understanding; 3 = application; 4 = analysis; 5 = evaluation; 6 = synthesis. You need to indicate only the highest level that is covered by the learning objective or the exam question.




In applied science it is essential to understand the concepts of heat and temperature, and their relation to energy, work, entropy, and the properties of matter. These quantitates are connected to Classical Thermodynamics, and in particular to its first law (conservation of energy) and second law. In everyday life, we continuously encounter systems consisting of an extremely large number of particles; a glass of water contains ~10ˆ25 water molecules. In describing the behaviour of such a large manyparticle system, it is impossible to separately study each individual part (microscopic). The alternative macroscopic approach studies the properties of the system, such as pressure, temperature, specific volume, and internal energy. The behaviour of a system often does not depend on the microscopic details. A gas, for example, will always expand to fill a larger volume, while the reverse (gas compression) will not spontaneously occur.



 VoorkennisMultivariable Calculus; probability theory 
Bachelor Advanced Technology 
  Verplicht materiaalLiteratureReader written by S. Vanapalli 
 BookThermal Physics
ISBN: 9780192895547 

 Aanbevolen materiaalWerkvormenToetsenClassical Thermodynamics


 