From this course, the students will learn about the different processes and technologies available to produce alternative fuels to reduce the dependence on fossil-based fuels. They will have an insight in the process steps needed to convert the raw material in the fuel product and on how much of the input energy of each of the processes is preserved in the final fuel product. Consequently, they will be able to compare processes with similar target fuel products based on technologies needed and differences in energy efficiency. The learning goals of this course are:
- to understand which technologies and process steps are needed to convert the raw material in the fuel product.
- Analyze and compare the main challenges of greener processes to produce fuels
- Apply basic concepts of mass and energy balances for instance to calculate energy efficiency or Carbon efficiency of the different routes.
- Evaluate the potential alternatives for reduction of CO2/CH4 emissions in the production of fuels
- Compare fossil-fuels alternatives vs. sustainable ones, and critically analyse the results obtained, mostly following where energy is preserved or released, from the feedstock to the final fuel product.
Sustainable fuels are necessary to replace fossil-fuels and decarbonize the domestic, industrial and transport sectors. The use of gas and liquid fuels derived from renewable energy sources as a chemical energy carrier is a very attractive alternative. Those sustainable fuels, after proper upgrading/conditioning in some cases, can be easily integrated in existing and proven technologies of gas turbine engines or internal combustion engines, or with chemical to electric energy technologies like the fuel cell. In this context, the goal of this course is to identify and rigorously describe all the important existing biological and chemical alternative routes for the production of different sustainable gas and liquid fuels