- Describe energy transition goals, challenges, and the role of electricity as an energy carrier in decarbonisation of energy systems.
- Recognize the socio-technical complexity of energy transition.
- Understand the principles of energy conversion efficiency and assess efficiencies of selected components.
- Describe architectures and identify key components of electrical energy conversion systems on the examples of electric vehicles and off-grid solar systems (solar home systems and microgrids).
- Quantify the effects of the integration of components in a microgrid.
- Perform first-order design of a solar home system given the simplified load profile.
- Apply decentralized control to a given microgrid setting.
- Identify synergies and conflicting objectives in a given scenario.
Energy transition – SDG7
- Renewables and Energy efficiency (SDG7.2 and SDG 7.3) and Energy Access (SDG 7.1)
- Electrification trends
- Socio-technical aspects of energy transition (in Energy Access context)
- Challenges of the energy transition
Introduction to electrical systems
- Electricity as energy carrier, historical development of electrical energy conversion systems, system building blocks (sources, storage, power conversion, loads)
- Electricity grids (layered structure, top-down design, stability, security, classical control)
- Efficiency of system components and systems
- The role of power electronics in increasing energy efficiency
Solar PV off-grid systems
- Electrification approaches: grid vs. microgrid. vs. standalone solar home systems
- Off-grid components basics: PV, batteries, power conversion, appliances
- Off-grid system design (first order)
- E-mobility systems (charging infrastructure, system building blocks, V2G)
- Heating systems (local heat networks, CHPs, heat pumps)
Smart Grids – decentralized control
- Operational control
Microgrids and system integration
- Case studies
- Synergies vs conflicting objectives
- Incentives for cooperation