Students must know what is a semiconductor and understand the physics behind it.
After this course the student:
- is able to apply the Schrödinger equation in various one-dimensional systems
- understands the tunneling concept
- understands the concept of quantum confinement
- is able to calculate energy quanta of an electron in a rectangular box/potential well
- recognizes the Krönig-Penney model
- understands there is a relation between the band gap, effective mass and atomic spacing (lattice constant)
- knows of charge carrier transport through metals and semiconductors
- understands the concept of energy band diagram and its importance for devices
- is able to apply the drift-diffusion equations
- is able to apply the Boltzmann relations and the mass-action law
- knows the Einstein relation
- knows the concept of recombination/generation
- understands the energy-exchange and momentum-exchange when systems are out of equilibrium.
This course will treat the introduction to semiconductor physics. First, basic quantum mechanics will be treated after which basic properties of semiconductors will be introduced, such as the bandgap and effective mass. Band diagrams will be described and then various important transport phenomena such as drift, diffusion, recombination and generation will be discussed.