After completing the course, the student…
- Describes and recognizes the elements that have to be present in a scientific report.
- Describes and recognizes the research designs most common in psychological research.
- Explains how the separate elements of a scientific report are linked to each other.
- Reports the used respondents, materials, procedures and analyses of a study in a clear and concise way in a method section for both quantitative and qualitative research.
- Reports the results of both quantitative and qualitative research in a clear way, according to the APA style.
- Reflects on the found results of both quantitative and qualitative analyses by critically evaluating the research design and analyses.
Critically evaluating a questionnaire
7. Describes and recognizes the definitions of reliability and validity when evaluating questionnaires and tests.
8. Describes what constructs and correct formulations of items are when developing a quantitative questionnaires.
9. Conducts the right analyses in R in order to make claims on the quality of a test, using the terms Cronbach’s Alpha, inter-item-correlation, and factor analysis.
10. Draws correct and clear conclusions on the outcomes of quantitative analyses of test data from a questionnaire, using different kinds of results that are compared against one another.
Content analysis of qualitative data
11. Describes in what way qualitative data can be acquired and processed in a systematic way.
12. Develops in a systematic way a clear and concise coding scheme in order to analyze qualitative data.
13. Draws correct and clear conclusions on the outcomes of a qualitative content analysis, connecting and synthesizing the results.
The main focus of the Pre-master Research Practical lies on scientific reporting. Knowledge will be acquired on the several elements of a scientific report, the coherence between those elements and the APA-standards a report has to meet. Furthermore, attention is paid to the most important research designs in psychology. This theoretical knowledge will be applied in two separate assignments, that both will be written as several sections of a scientific report.
The individual assignments are focused on respectively quantitative and qualitative research, both relevant for the domain of psychology. In the quantitative assignment, the main topic is the assessment of the qualities of a questionnaire with closed questions, and the qualitative assignment focuses on the systematic analysis of answers to open questions. In the first, quantitative assignment the student will critically evaluate the questionnaire by conducting statistical analyses with R in order to make substantiated statements on the reliability and validity of this questionnaire. During the second, qualitative assignment, the student learns how to systematically code qualitative data, in this case from an open question from the questionnaire also used in the first assignment. In order to achieve this, the student will use the program Atlas.ti and he/she will also learn how to report these results in a scientific, clear way. Both assignments will be written as a method, results and conclusion section from a scientific report, applying the previously acquired knowledge.
The course will be concluded with an exam that contains both open and multiple choice questions. These will not only test knowledge on and insight in the subject matter, but also reflection on the results of the conducted analyses in both assignments.