CloseHelpPrint
Kies de Nederlandse taal
Course module: 202000158
202000158
Aircraft Engineering
Course info
Course module202000158
Credits (ECTS)15
Course typeStudy Unit
Language of instructionEnglish
Contact persondr.ir. E.T.A. van der Weide
E-maile.t.a.vanderweide@utwente.nl
Lecturer(s)
PreviousNext 5
Lecturer
dr.ir. T.C. Bor
Lecturer
dr. L.D. De Santana
Lecturer
dr. D. Di Maio
Lecturer
dr.ir. W.J.B. Grouve
Lecturer
dr. H. Ozdemir
Academic year2021
Starting block
1B
Application procedureYou apply via OSIRIS Student
Registration using OSIRISNo
Number of insufficient tests1
Aims
After successfully completing this module, the student is able:
  • To explain the functions of the structural parts of an aircraft and use this knowledge in the concept design
  • To analyze and explain the loads on an aircraft and apply this during the concept design
  • To explain the causes/reasons of instabilities such as buckling, flutter, stall and fatigue and take this into account in the design phase
  • To understand the significance of non-dimensional numbers for scaling aerodynamic experiments
  • To compute the aerodynamic forces on profiles and apply this to the concept design
  • To analyze the aerodynamics of an aircraft on global level and apply this to the concept design
  • To explain the main differences propeller and jet engines and take this into account in the concept design.
  • To analyze the performance of an aircraft on global level and apply this to the concept design
  • To compute the stability characteristics of an aircraft and apply this to the concept design
  • To collaborate and operate in a design team
  • To make a concept design of an aircraft
Content
The module consists of three lecture series being Introduction to Aircraft Technology, Aircraft Structures and Aerodynamics. The content of these lecture series will be applied in an assignment in which a Concept Design of an Aircraft has to be made.
In Introduction to Aircraft Technology a brief account of the history of aviation, the evolution of aircraft configurations, the principles of flight and the standard atmosphere is given. Subsequently the aerodynamics of aircraft wings (lift, drag, pitching moment, stall, critical Mach number, drag-divergence Mach number) is explained, with some emphasis on transonic transport aircraft.
 
In Aircraft Structures an overview of the structural parts, their designation and their function in the structure are presented. Subjects that determine the requirements in the design process that are treated in the course are the aerodynamic and structural (dynamic) loads, buckling, fatigue and flutter. The first airplanes were made of steel, wood and linen. Later aluminum became the most important material. Nowadays two new materials become favorable namely composites and metal fiber laminates (Glare). Special attention will be paid to both new materials and Glare will be used to show what effort it takes before a new material is accepted in the aircraft industry.
 
In Aerodynamics the fundamentals of aircraft aerodynamics are treated with emphasis on the relation between the shape of aircraft configurations and its components as wings and fuselage, and the aerodynamic characteristics (lift, (friction, pressure, lift-induced, wave) drag, pitching moment) of these configurations flying at subsonic, transonic or supersonic speed.
 
During the Kick Off of the presentation of the group assignment for the Conceptual Design of an Aircraft an overview will be given of the steps that are carried out in the Conceptual Design Phase which results in a global design of a new aircraft. Further groups are formed and the (challenging) requirements for the aircraft will be presented and explained. In week 9 the reports have to be handed in and the project is finished with oral presentations in week 10. Due to the large amount of work and the relative short time the project group members have to distribute the workload and denominate specialists


Assessment

 
     
1 Introduction to Aircraft Technology if all assignments have been graded as sufficient,1 written exam with an extended oral exam, if needed. Participation in the extended oral exam is only allowed if a mark of 4.0 or higher is obtained for the written exam. Resit is a full oral exam.
 
2 Aircraft Structures if all assignments have been graded as sufficient,1 written exam with an extended oral exam, if needed. Participation in the extended oral exam is only allowed if a mark of 4.0 or higher is obtained for the written exam. Resit is a full oral exam.
3 Aerodynamics if all assignments have been graded as sufficient,1 written exam with an extended oral exam, if needed. Participation in the extended oral exam is only allowed if a mark of 4.0 or higher is obtained for the written exam. Resit is a full oral exam.
4 Concept Design of Aircraft Project presentation if project report has been graded as sufficient.

 
Assumed previous knowledge
Student must be familiar with the basics of mechanics (statics and strength of materials) and the basics of fluid mechanics and mastering the basic physics and math necessary for starting a BSc engineering program. Knowledge on Calculus 1A, 1B, 2 and vector calculus (previously known as Math B1, B2, D1 and D2) is a prerequisite. For the theory see the book of Thomas 'Calculus, Early Transcendentals'. Especially chapters 13-16 are important.
Participating study
Bachelor Mechanical Engineering
Participating study
Bachelor Industrial Engineering and Management
Required materials
Handouts
Handouts at Canvas
Book
John D. Anderson, Jr.: Introduction to Flight, 8th edition, ISBN 978-981-4636-18-6
Book
Fundamentals of Aerodynamics 6th ed, John D. Anderson, Jr. ISBN: 978-1-259-25134-4
Book
T.H.G. Megson: Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, 6th Edition, ISBN: 9780081009147
Recommended materials
-
Instructional modes
Assessment
Presence dutyYes

Lecture

Presentation(s)
Presence dutyYes

Project supervised
Presence dutyYes

Tests
Introduction to Aircraft Technology

Aircraft Structures

Aerodynamics

Concept Design of Aircraft

CloseHelpPrint
Kies de Nederlandse taal