Students are able:
- To provide an overview of Multifunctional Flood Defences, their users, functioning and practical challenges in designing
- To explain the functions and requirements for the preliminary design
- To explain and apply state-of-the-art knowledge on one topic of the design of a multifunctional flood defences.
- To integrate their state-of-the-art knowledge into the design of MFDs within an interdisciplinary team
- To present and visualize the final design using a (physical) model
- To implement their expertise in an interdisciplinary team
In this module students will create and design a Multifunctional Flood Defences as an innovative Nature Based Solution. Students will master learn in-depth knowledge related to MFDs and apply this knowledge in an interdisciplinary design and co-create a physical scale model for the study area.
Under the increasing pressure of growing population, urbanisation and climate change, the worldwide number of citizens threatened by floods is increasing. This increase puts pressure on the use of space in deltaic regions – where roughly 40% of the global population nowadays live – all around the world; there is an urge to effectively use the available space along coasts and rivers. Multifunctional flood defences increasingly raise interest as a nature-based solution in many regions around the world (e.g. New York, Japan and the Netherlands). Compared to conventional flood defences, an increasing number of design requirements needs to be considered for MFDs, such as its use functions, spatial planning, flood safety and location specific environmental characteristics, with an associated increasing number of actors. In this module, students are introduced to the opportunities and challenges in Nature Based Solutions for flood protection. This module teaches integration of knowledge from various scientific fields, addresses interdisciplinary co-creation and combines it in a practical design project. Students are asked to go in-depth in their own scientific field, while integrating their results in interdisciplinary teams. The final product of this module is a design of a MFD for the study area for which students will also create a physical visualization in the form of a scale model.
In this module, students learn to integrate knowledge from various scientific fields related to Multifunctional Flood Defences, learn to design in an interdisciplinary team and learn to use expert knowledge to co-create a physical scale model of a Multifunctional Flood Defence. Yearly varying state-of-the-art topics, essential for MFD design, are introduced. Students go in-depth into one of these topics, while integrating their results in interdisciplinary teams. Examples of these topics are:
The study area is divided into sections of around 1km length. Each team consists of around five students and is responsible for the design of one of the neighbouring sections of the study area. Each team member works as an expert on one of the topics and acquires in-depth knowledge. The experts from the different teams work together to exchange knowledge and learn from each other under supervision during expert meetings. During plenary sessions, the designs and requirements are exchanged between the teams. The DesignLab is intended to use as a central location for lecture, exchange, project work and physical model construction. Planning of the design and work process is essential in this module.
- Systems Engineering is an essential component of highly complex projects. The objective of this aspect is to develop a strategic plan that outlines objectives processes and means for: dealing with stakeholder interests, integrating knowledge in project management and communicating and disseminating your innovative design.
- Living Foreshore Dynamics is using natural processes to develop stable foreshores and develop vegetation management strategies.
- Geotechnics. A rigorous calculation for dike safety under self-weight/wave loads is always important. You will use numerical methods for this calculation, derive material properties from real-world measurements, and verify whether your design is safe, considering local, heterogeneous soils and proper interventions if needed.
- Novel Building with Nature concepts, such as sandy or vegetated foreshores can be applied to combine nature and flood safety.
- Multifunctional Flood Safety poses challenges for the methods for assessing flood safety, which is affected by transitions between dikes and embedded structures. Students apply novel methods to ensure safety against flooding.