1. Contents: Students get an overview on cosmology and evolutionary biology, deepen their knowledge in a number of specific subjects of their interest.
2. Skills: write scientific essays, give presentations, learn to find and evaluate scientific literature.
3. Understand the interplay of observation, measurement, technology, theory and critical reflection. Appreciate how difficult it is to come to a consistent interpretation of what is observed. Recognize how ideology and general world view interfere with science and vice versa.
4. Gain insight in personal development. Reflection on what you are interested in, on your own academic development, on your critical thinking. Find the relation of your personal development with science, and here with the most fundamental and confronting questions.
The Delta Works was elected as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. This huge project started in response to the big flood of 1953 in the Southwest of the Netherlands. Hydraulic structures were built such as storm surges, dams closing off estuaries, and dikes were strengthened. But also, a legal framework with fixed and spatially differentiated flood protections levels was set up, and emergency management institutions organised to be prepared for evaluation. The project was declared finished some 50 years later. By then, new policies on flood safety where underway, trying to cope with societal and climate changes. This module examines technical, societal and scientific challenges that exist in flood security, and the diverging perspectives we can have on managing flood risk. The module addresses questions such as: How are risk perspectives framed in literature? Which perspectives can we recognise in Dutch flood risk management? Do different perspectives translate into differences in the assessment of flood risk? How different would the Netherlands look like, when designing a flood policy without compromising between perspectives?