This course connects to the final qualification K2, K5, S1, S5, S6, S9 of the PSTS programme, according to the following learning objectives:|
At the end of this course:
- The student has insight into leading ethical and political philosophical issues and debates regarding well-being, the good society and technology and will be able to compare and apply these effectively.
- The student has deepened insight into general theories and methods for technology ethics, including values in design, ethics approaches for emerging technologies, and global and intercultural ethics.
- The student will have knowledge of theories of individual responsibility and gain insight into how they can be applied or need to be revised in light of the development of autonomous information systems.
- The student will gain knowledge of theories of ideal and non-ideal ethical theorizing and gain insight into how to apply them in cases of radical climate injustice.
This course explores the relationships between technology, and what it means to have a good life. There is no doubt that technologies can contribute to, and detract from, a good life. But what exactly do we mean by this? Good Technology for Users and Society (GTUS) explores this relationship by looking at the key concepts underpinning technology and the good life. We start with an introduction to the notion of the good life, what it means for an individual to have a good life, and the ways that technologies play a role in achieving this or not. However, a person is not an island – society is an essential contributor to a good life. We therefore look at the idea of the social good, social well-being, and the relationships between individuals, communities, and technologies.
All that said, technologies are constantly advancing, and these advancements can cause significant disruptions for individuals and society. The course then looks at the idea of technological disruption, and the different ways that we can understand technological disruption. We then look in more detail at ideas of disruption, technology, and the good life by exploring the idea of the ‘quantified self’. If we can observe, record, and analyse technology’s impacts, this may increase our understanding of the disruptive effects of technology on users and society. However, this urge to quantify ourselves and our society is itself disruptive; GTUS will discuss the ways that more information about our well-being can become detrimental to that well-being.
GTUS closes out by looking at particular sets of technologies, the ways that they disrupt our sense of self and society, and reveal existing conceptual complexities in our personal and social lives. The first example is the Internet of Things (IoT) and the ways that it impacts our notions of privacy. One the one hand, the IoT presents a significant challenge to interpersonal notions of privacy, opening up our most private spaces and activities to external surveillance. On the other hand, however, the IoT can be an ‘inhuman system’ where no human operators access this personal information. So, perhaps the IoT is a privacy protecting set of technologies. Instead, this class will show that while interpersonal privacy may be protected (in some cases at least) political privacy is a major problem for the IoT. Staying with the IoT, we next look at the way that the IoT spans both informational and physical realms. In this class, we look at smart houses to ask what matters more – informational security, or physical safety? On closer analysis, it looks like we should take a more pluralistic approach, and recognise that there are good reasons to favour the informational realm over the physical, and good reasons to favour the physical over the informational.
The final set of technologies that we will discuss concern human enhancement technologies. In this class, we will see how the particular social context that a technology is assessed in can cause the same technology to be thought of as both an enhancement and a disenhancement. We look in particular at military technologies, in which a technological intervention may be an enhancement in the context of conflict, but may be a disenhancement when a solider returns to the civilian context. We thus see the ways that the good life for individuals and society changes not just on the technology, but changes how we judge that technology. Technologies not only disrupt our notions of the good life, but they also force us to rethink just what the good life means for users and society.
Teaching will be centered on a series of lectures delivered to students, together with discussion and in-class assignments, but the bulk of the learning will occur in the students’ own time as they research the different areas using recommended readings and following their own research interests. This will be supplemented by assessed presentations given by the students regarding a final paper to be delivered at the end of the course. Help will be offered for both of these assignments through one-on-one meetings with the course professors.
The research skills component in this courses encompasses the following:
- Critical writing skills
- Critical analysis of texts
Therefore students will:
- acquire specialist knowledge of ethics of technology,
- develop original scientific research in the field of ethics of technology,
- compare different paradigms in sub-domain of ethics of technology, including critical analysis,
- generate philosophical research results that are relevant for scientific, technological and/or social practices,
- communicate research results and solutions to colleagues.
Students will develop these skills:
- through reading, lectures, and discussion with professors regarding current research in the field
- through producing written essay at end of course with ongoing support through course to this end
- through production of written essay and presentation to be given during course
Seminars. Attendance is obligatory Assessment:Essay (5,000 – 6,000 words):100% of final grade
Assumed previous knowledge
|Required: 40 EC from the PSTS year #1 courses completed.|
191612540 Ethics and Technology I,
191612580 Ethics and Technology II,
191612560 Society, Politics and Technology
|Master Philosophy of Science, Technology and Soc.||Required materials-Recommended materials|
|Academic articles to be provided on Canvas|