The learning objectives of this course are:|
After the course, the student is able to:
- Design a complete biomass conversion route, using the engineering approach: based on team discussions and additional research, make proper assumptions
- Making mass and Energy balances over the different conversion steps and the whole biomass conversion route
- Evaluate the conversion processes and routes using performance indicators like energy efficiency, fossil energy ratio (FER), land area requirements, CO2 and water footprints
- Determine the main dimensions of a biomass conversion reactor, by applying thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer and chemistry
- Form their own opinion, based on facts and research, about the sustainability of the use of biomass for energy applications
- Deal with incomplete or contradictory information during assignments
- Apply the engineering approach: based on internal discussions and further research, to make the proper assumptions by their own and to come to a sound solution for the problem
Students are expected to have a basic level of understanding of thermodynamics (e.g. energy and mass balances, laws of thermodynamics), chemistry (e.g. reaction kinetics, reactor engineering) and fluid engineering (e.g. transport phenomena). Students are also expected to actively participate in group work, homework assignments and in-class assignments, as well as during interactive lectures and discussions.
The aim of this course is to provide students with a basic understanding of the biomass conversion routes to useful products, as well as more detailed knowledge about the main thermochemical conversion processes of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis.
The course will start with an introduction on the global energy resources with a focus on the role of biomass in it. Because of the diversity of biomass, its physical and chemical properties are considered. After that, the following topics will be discussed:
The course is offered on a self-study with assistance basis. Interested students are requested to contact Ir. E.A. Bramer (firstname.lastname@example.org).
- The basic principles of biomass conversion steps like drying, storage, torrefaction, pyrolysis, gasification, and combustion
- Chemical, thermodynamic, and heat and mass transfer aspects of the various conversion processes
- The thermochemical processes of biomass conversion like combustion, gasification and pyrolysis will be discussed in more detail, including the different types of equipment applied in these processes
- Attention will be given to the co-production of valuable products (e.g. bio-chemicals) and fuels from biomass, so-called: bio refinery.
- Emissions of solid and gaseous components and the measures to reduce these emissions will be part of the course.
Is knowledge of programming skills necessary for this course? Please specify the skills / knowledge of which programme(s) is / are needed.
Thermodynamics and a technical background with an interest in biomass conversion technologies and an interest in sustainable and environmental issues.