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Cursus: 201700023
201700023
Energy from Biomass
Cursus informatieRooster
Cursus201700023
Studiepunten (ECTS)5
CursustypeCursus
VoertaalEngels
Contactpersoonir. E.A. Bramer
E-maile.a.bramer@utwente.nl
Docenten
Contactpersoon van de cursus
ir. E.A. Bramer
Docent
ir. E.A. Bramer
Docent
prof.dr.ir. G. Brem
Docent
H. Mysore Prabhakara
Collegejaar2021
Aanvangsblok
1B
AanmeldingsprocedureZelf aanmelden via OSIRIS Student
Inschrijven via OSIRISJa
Cursusdoelen
The learning objectives of this course are:
  • After the course, the student is able to:
  • Design a complete biomass conversion route, using the engineering approach: based on team discussions and additional research, make proper assumptions
  • Making mass and Energy balances over the different conversion steps and the whole biomass conversion route
  • Evaluate the conversion processes and routes using performance indicators like energy efficiency, fossil energy ratio (FER), land area requirements, CO2 and water footprints
  • Determine the main dimensions of a biomass conversion reactor, by applying thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer and chemistry
  • Form their own opinion, based on facts and research, about the sustainability of the use of biomass for energy applications
  • Deal with incomplete or contradictory information during assignments
  • Apply the engineering approach: based on internal discussions and further research, to make the proper assumptions by their own and to come to a sound solution for the problem
  • Cooperate in a team to handle and solve a challenging engineering problem, presenting the results in the forms  a report and a presentation

 
Inhoud
Prior knowledge
Students are expected to have a basic level of understanding of thermodynamics (e.g. energy and mass balances, laws of thermodynamics), chemistry (e.g. reaction kinetics, reactor engineering) and fluid engineering (e.g. transport phenomena). Students are also expected to actively participate in group work, homework assignments and in-class assignments, as well as during interactive lectures and discussions.
 
The aim of this course is to provide students with a basic understanding of the biomass conversion routes to useful products, as well as more detailed knowledge about the main thermochemical conversion processes of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis.
 
The course will start with an introduction on the global energy resources with a focus on the role of biomass in it. Because of the diversity of biomass, its physical and chemical properties are considered. After that, the following topics will be discussed:
  • The basic principles of biomass conversion steps like drying, storage, torrefaction, pyrolysis, gasification, and combustion
  • Chemical, thermodynamic, and heat and mass transfer aspects of the various conversion processes
  • The thermochemical processes of biomass conversion like combustion, gasification and pyrolysis will be discussed in more detail, including the different types of equipment applied in these processes
  • Attention will be given to the co-production of valuable products (e.g. bio-chemicals) and fuels from biomass, so-called: bio refinery.
  • Emissions of solid and gaseous components and the measures to reduce these emissions will be part of the course.
The course consists of a number of lectures and tutorials, some of which contain highly interactive elements, and students are expected to actively participate. In small groups, students will work on two assignments. For first one, the design a complete biomass conversion route  and for the second assignment dimensioning of biomass conversion reactors. The results will be presented in a technical report, an oral presentation and defended during an oral group exam.
During the work on the assignments in this course students will learn to make choices on the chain steps, discuss this in the group and develop a complete biomass conversion route. The students will determine the main dimensions of the conversion reactors and finally evaluate the developed technology in according to chain analysis of the route and discuss the role of the choices made during the assignment

Is knowledge of programming skills necessary for this course? Please specify the skills / knowledge of which programme(s) is / are needed.
Thermodynamics and a technical background with an interest in biomass conversion technologies and an interest in sustainable and environmental issues.



 
Voorkennis
Thermodynamics and a technical background with an interest in biomass conversion technologies and an interest in sustainable and environmental issues.
Participating study
Master Sustainable Energy Technology
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Master Mechanical Engineering
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Master Industrial Design Engineering
Participating study
Verplicht materiaal
Course material
Additional course notes via Canvas
Book
E-BOOK:Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction (2nd edition) By Prabir Basu.(online available at UT)
Aanbevolen materiaal
-
Werkvormen
Lecture

Tutorial

Toetsen
Assignment & (Oral) Exam

Opmerking
Group Assignment:
Report + presentation
Individual:
Oral exam

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