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Course module: 201600152
201600152
Advanced Catalysis
Course info
Course module201600152
Credits (ECTS)5
Course typeCourse
Language of instructionEnglish
Contact personprof.dr.ir. L. Lefferts
E-maill.lefferts@utwente.nl
Lecturer(s)
Lecturer
dr. J.A. Faria Albanese
Contactperson for the course
prof.dr.ir. L. Lefferts
Lecturer
prof.dr.ir. L. Lefferts
Lecturer
dr. B.T. Mei
Lecturer
prof.dr. G. Mul
Academic year2020
Starting block
1A
Application procedure-
Registration using OSIRISYes
Aims
This course provides a more profound description of catalysis as compared to “Kinetiek en Katalyse”, preparing students for performing research on catalytic materials, both in industry and academia, as well as for knowledge-based operation and troubleshooting of catalytic reactors.
In more detail you will be able to:
Fundamentals of catalysis
  • Understand trends in molecular chemisorption on metals in the periodic system (PS)
    • Based on basics of orbital theory description of chemical bonding + d-band theory
  • Understand trends in dissociative adsorption with reference to the PS
  • Based on orbital theory and Bronsted-Polanyi relationship
  • Understand trends in catalytic performance of metals in the PS based on Bronsted-Polanyi relationship
  • Understand why kinetic equations depend on conditions and surface coverage in the Langmuir Hinshelwood (L-H) mechanism on metals
  • Understand why surface structure, particle size and support can influence catalytic performance of supported metal catalysts
Catalyst Preparation
  • Be familiar with the most common procedures used in industry to prepare catalysts, including the involved physical phenomena and chemistry
Properties and application of oxides/acids
  • Explain which metal-oxides are typically used in selective oxidation processes, and why
  • Understand the Mars and van Krevelen mechanism in oxidation catalysis and the implications for process operation.
  • Be familiar with the structure of zeolites, their composition, and their forms of acidity
  • Be familiar with methods to determine zeolite acidity
  • Be familiar with processes in which zeolites are typically applied
Characterization of Catalytic Materials
  • Understand characterization techniques based on adsorption
    • Multilayer adsorption (BET) and porosimetry
    • Specific chemisorption: static and dynamic techniques
  • Explain the basic principles of temperature programmed (TP) techniques
  • Explain the basic principles of transient techniques, including the use of isotopes
  • Explain the basic principles of different X-ray based characterization techniques, namely X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS).
  • Understand the basic principles of UV, Raman and Infrared spectroscopy, and instrumentation.
  • Discuss the limitations of the mentioned spectroscopic techniques and analyze spectroscopic data of these techniques.
  • Select appropriate characterization techniques and propose strategies to characterize heterogeneous catalysts.
Catalytic reactors
  • Understand the choice for a catalyst-reactor combination depending on conditions and thermodynamics
  • Understand the influence of mass transfer on activity
  • Qualitatively understand the influence of mass transfer on selectivity
  • Qualitatively understand the effect of catalyst particles on G-L transfer
  • Understand how to measure kinetics correctly in the lab
Catalysis by alternative stimuli
  • Understand the principles and perspectives of electrocatalysis
  • Understand the principles and perspectives of photocatalysis
  • Understand the principles and perspectives of plasmacatalysis
Scientific attitude
  • Able to critically evaluate a scientific paper identifying key-messages, strengths and weaknesses
  • Able to present and discuss scientific research in the domain of heterogeneous catalysis
 
 
Content
o   Physisorption and capillary condensation for catalyst characterization
o   Molecular bonding in chemisorption and heterogeneous catalysis on metals
o   Oxide and solid acid catalysts
o   Electro-photo- and plasma-catalysis
o   Catalytst characterization with electrons and photons
o   Temperature programmed techniques for characterization
o   Catalytic reactors and transport
Participating study
Master Chemical Engineering
Required materials
Book
Physical Chemistry, Atkins
Book
Chemical Technology, Jens Wasserscheid
Course material
Handout Heterogeneous Catalysis (NIOK, Niemantsverdriet, Hensen, Lefferts)
Course material
PPT presentations
Recommended materials
-
Instructional modes
Lecture
Presence dutyYes

Presentation(s)
Presence dutyYes

Self study without assistance
Presence dutyYes

Tutorial
Presence dutyYes

Tests
Test

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Kies de Nederlandse taal