After passing this course the student is;
- familiar with the main superconducting materials used in practical applications; with their respective merits and challenges; and with their production into technical conductor form;
- aware of the physical & technological issues (electromagnetic, thermal and mechanical) relevant for the design, manufacture and operation of superconducting devices; as well as able to make rough design estimates regarding these issues;
- familiar with established and emerging applications of high-current superconductors; with the benefits that superconductors bring to these applications; with the physical & technological challenges and requirements that they impose; and with the corresponding material choices.
Superconducting materials: Metallic (NbTi, Nb3Sn, MgB2), ceramic (ReBCO, BSCCO) and pnictide (BaFe2As2) materials; Superconductor shape and processing (composite wires and tapes); Structure and function of superconducting cables.
Physical and technological issues: Transport properties and characteristic critical currents and current densities; Thermal-electro-magnetic stability criteria; Magnetization and Alternating Current losses; and the dependence all of these issues on temperature, magnetic field and mechanical strain.
Practical applications: High-field magnets for e.g. High Field Magnet facilities, NMR and MRI medical diagnostics; Magnets for particle accelerators (like the LHC and FCC at CERN) and for medical accelerators for proton therapy; Particle detector magnets; Magnets for Plasma Fusion reactors (ITER, W7X, DEMO); Electrical power applications (motors, generators and cables for current transport).